Who is the father of Karnataka history? Karnataka Formation Day
History of Karnataka Celebrations
Every year it is celebrated on November 1. It was in 1956 when all Kannada language speaking areas of South India were merged to form Karnataka State.
Rajya Sabha day is listed as the official holiday in the state of Karnataka and is celebrated worldwide by Kannigagas. It has been marked by the Karnataka Government on the basis of the declaration and presentation of the respected list for the Rajyaotsav Awards, in which the official Karnataka flag is flagged with the governor of the state and the governor of the state, as well as community festivals, orchestra, Kannada book Release, and concert
Karnataka has a glorious history. Located in the southern part of India, this state is ruled by several dynasties which shape its history. At various points in history, many rulers attacked it. Due to the influence of various rulers and dynasties, Karnataka became enriched with its distinctive culture and values.
In ancient times, Karnataka was known as Karunadu, which means elevated land or high plateau. The history of Karnataka can be seen back in prehistoric days.
History of Karnataka
Aluru Venkata Rao was the first person who had dreamed of uniting the state with the Karnataka Ekkarnana movement in 1905. In 1950,
India became a republic and different provinces were formed on the basis of language spoken in the particular area of the country and it gave birth to the Mysore state, including various places of South India, which was first ruled by the kings Was there.
On 1 November 1956, the Mysore State, which included most of the territory of the former princely state of Mysore, was merged with Kannada-speaking areas of Bombay and Madras Presidency, as well as the Principal of Hyderabad,
an integrated Kannada-speaking Sub-national unit of Northern Karnataka, Malanad (Canara) and Old Mysore were thus three areas of newly formed Mysore State.
The newly integrated state initially upheld the name “Mysore”, which was from the former princely state that formed the core of the new entity.
But the people of Northern Karnataka did not favor the retention of Mysore, because it was closely related to the former principality and southern regions of the new state. In respect to this argument, the name of the state was changed to “Karnataka” on 1 November 1973.
Devraj Arasu was the Chief Minister of the state during this historic decision. Among others who gave credit for the integration of Karnataka Lititors such as Shivram Kanth, Kuvempu, Masti Venkatesa Ayangar, AN Krishna Krishna Rao and BM Srikanti are included.
In short, the history of Karnataka
The pre-historic culture of Karnataka was very different from the northern part of India. During prehistoric times, the hand-ax culture was practiced in Karnataka. This culture was like the pre-memorable culture of Africa.
Indeed, even before 1200 BC, the press was known for the occupants of Karnataka. It was long before that time the inhabitants of North India had come to know about the use of iron.
The early history of Karnataka
The early rulers of Karnataka were from the northern parts of the country. During the 4th and 3rd centuries, the BCE parts of Karnataka were under the rule of Maurya and Nanda empire of northern India.
After the fall of the Maurya Empire, Satavahana dynasty came to power in Karnataka around 3 BCE. They ruled over the wider areas of northern Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
Prakrit was his administrative language. Both Kannada and Telugu were found and developed during their rule. Satavahana dynasty ruled Karnataka for almost 300 years.
As a result of the weakening of the Satavahana dynasty, Pallavas of Karnataka became a political power in Karnataka for a short time. Pallavas were dominated by the indigenous dynasties, the Kadambus of Banavasi and the Ganges of Kolar.
Kadamba dynasty and climbing of the Western Ganges Dynasty became an independent political unit at the starting point of Karnataka.
Medieval History of Karnataka
Karnataka is witness to the rise and fall of many dynasties and empires.
Kadamba Dynasty (325 AD-540 AD)
Kadambus is known as Karnataka’s oldest royal dynasty. The dynasty was founded by Mayurasharma. This dynasty ruled Konkan and Banvasi from Konkan.
The first ruler who used the Kannada language at the administrative level was Kadambus. They also mined gold coins and contributed to the architectural heritage of Karnataka.
Chalukya had left his empire behind before Calcutta ruled Karnataka for more than 200 years. But some small branches of the Kadamba Dynasty ruled on the Hanagal, Goa and some other areas till the 14th century.
Western Ganga Dynasty (325 AD-99 9 AD)
The Ganga Dynasty initially ruled from Kolar and later went to its capital Talakad. To distinguish this dynasty from the Eastern Ganga Dynasty, it is known as Western Ganges that in the later centuries, Kalinga (currently Odisha) was dominated.
His rule spreads in parts of southern Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamilnadu. He laid a strong foundation for the development of Kannada literature.
The Ganga has constructed many monuments. Gometheshwara statue in Shravanabelagola, in the construction of approximately 983 AD, is the world’s highest monolith statue and it is considered the most famous Ganga architecture.
The Ganga Dynasty ruled for almost 700 years and till date, the arrival of Badami Chalukya was a sovereign power. They continued to rule under Badami Chalukya and Rashtrakutas until the end of the 10th century.
Badami Chalukya dynasty (500 AD – 757 AD)
The Chalukya dynasty was founded by Pulakeshin. The earliest lineage was known as Badami Chalukya and he ruled from Watapi (presently Badami).
The Chalukyas of Badami were important in bringing the entire Karnataka under one rule. He contributed immensely to the field of art and architecture.
Badami Chalukya was responsible for changing the political atmosphere in South India, from small kingdoms being transferred to larger empires.
Chalukyas ruled most of Karnataka and Maharashtra and parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Gujarat. The rise of Rashtrakutas took the reign of Badami Chalukyas.
Rashtrakuta dynasty (757 AD-9 73 AD)
Rashtrakutra descent was founded by Dantivarman or Dantindurg II. The Alichpur dynasty paid the feudal loyalty to Badami Chalukyas.
During the reign of Dantindurg, the tribe dropped Chalukya Kirtivavarman II and presently made the kingdom of Gulbarga in Karnataka as an empire. This tribe was later known as Manakheta’s Rashtrakutra.
According to an Arabic text, Silsil al-Tawarikh (851), Rashtrakut was considered one of the four major empires in the world. This dynasty ruled Karnataka and Maharashtra and large parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
Their rule was developed during architecture. The world-renowned Kailash Temple in Ellora was built by the Rashtrakutas. The era of Badami Chalukya and Rashtrakutra is considered “the age of Imperial Karnataka”.
Kalyan Chalukya dynasty (973 AD – 1198 AD)
Chalukya of Kalyan came to power after abolishing the Rashtrasutas in 973 AD. His ruler, Someshwar, made his capital in Kalyan (presently Baswa Kalyan in Bidar district).
The Kalyan Chalukya dynasty is also known as Western Chalukya dynasty so that they can be separated from the Eastern Chalukya lineage of Vengi.
This dynasty ruled entire Karnataka and Maharashtra and parts of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
During his reign, literature in Karnataka increased as Chalukya was the patron of art and architecture. The Mahadev Temple of Itagi (currently in Raichur district) is considered the finest Chalukya memorial.
The rulers of the Kalachuri dynasty left their empire behind and ruled for almost 20 years but could not maintain the integrity of the empire. This weakened the empire and, finally, it broke down and was shared by Sevuns in the north and Hoysala in the south.
Sevuna dynasty (1198 AD-1312 AD)
Since the power of the Kalyan Chalukya dynasty diminished, the Sevuna dynasty established its rule. Prior to declaring independence, Sevuna was once the emperor of the Rashtrakutas and the Western Chalukyas.
The founders of the Savuna Dynasty were the Dravidarpura. This dynasty is also known as Devgiri’s army or Yadav because his god Deogiri (presently in Daulabad in Maharashtra) was his capital. They ruled northern Karnataka, parts of Andhra Pradesh and most of Maharashtra.
This history was immortalized in history by the famous mathematician Baskarshya, famous scholar Hemadri and the writings of great writer Shringa Deva on music.
The rulers of this dynasty were in constant battle with the rulers of the Hosala dynasty. Eventually, the dynasty fell into the Sultan of Delhi, Allah-ud-Din Khilji and his General Mallikhopar.
Hoysala Dynasty (1000 AD – 1334 AD)
The Hoysala Empire was found by a great man named Saala. He became famous for the murder of the tiger to save his master, and thus the empire was named as Hosala (whose name was used to shoot or kill it).
In Holland initially had his capital in Belur but later he was transferred to Helbidu. This dynasty ruled some parts of Southern Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
In Hosala era there was an important development of art, architecture, and religion in South India. He became famous for his temple architecture.
The world famous Chanekev Temple in Belur, the Hosalesaswara Temple in Halbidu, and Kesava Temple in Somnathpur are examples of their sculpture.
Even today there are more than a hundred temples spread across Karnataka, which were made by Hoysalas. He encouraged Kannada and Sanskrit to develop literature. In the era, the rise of great Kannada poets such as Rudrabatta, Raghavanka, Harihar, and Janata occurred.
Vijayanagara Empire (1336 AD-1565 AD)
The Vijayanagara Empire was founded in 1336 by Harihar I and Sangma Dynasty’s brother, Bukka Rai I. Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagar empire.
By the end of the 13th century, due to joint efforts of the Southern powers, the empire increased prominently to stop Islamic attacks.
The Vijayanagara realm was ruled by most parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, whole Kerala and Tamil Nadu. This realm was popular for its influence and riches.
The leaders of this domain empowered expressive arts and writing to achieve new statures in Kannada, Sanskrit, Tamil, and Telugu. Carnatic music created amid this period.
The inheritance of the realm included numerous superb landmarks spread crosswise over South India. Some of the most famous remains of the architectural power of the Vijayanagar empire can be seen in a group of monuments in Hampi, which is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Stone Rath is a magnificent example of the Vijayanagar style of architecture in Hampi. After the defeat of the Deccan Sultanate in the battle of Talikota in 1565 AD, the power of the Vijayanagar empire declined.
Bahamani Empire (1347 AD – 1527 AD)
The Bahamani empire (also known as Bahmani Empire or Bahmani Sultanat) was the first independent Islamic Empire in South India. The Bahmani empire was established by Turkic or Brahmin, al-ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah.
It was considered one of India’s great medieval empires. The rule of the empire spreads in northern Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. After the last remains of the Bahmani Sultanate, the empire was demolished by Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagar empire.
After 1518 Bahmani Sultan was divided into five states, namely: Nizamshahi of Ahmednagar, Qutubshahi of Golconda (Hyderabad), Baridasahi of Bidar, Adilshahi of Berpur, Adilshahi of Bijapur. Together they are known as the Deccan Sultanate.
Bijapur Sultan (1490 AD – 1686 AD)
Adilshahi was a Shia Muslim dynasty founded by Yusuf Adil Shah and the dynasty ruled over the Sultanate of Bijapur. Their rule spreads in Bijapur and surrounding areas. Bijapur was a great learning center in that era.
During the rule of Bijapur Sultanate, Islamic architecture was developed in this area. The round dome in Bijapur is the most famous monument during its reign. Bijapur Sultanate was conquered by Emperor Aurangzeb and it was absorbed in the Mughal empire in 1686 AD.
The modern history of Karnataka
In the modern history of Karnataka, important political powers of Mysore and Hyder Ali have emerged. Before the country got independence, Karnataka later came under British rule.
The hero of Kelli (1500 AD – 1763 AD)
The hero of kaladi (also known as Benoir’s hero and King of Ikkeri) also ruled in the beginning as a vassal of the Vijayanagar empire. He declared independence in 1565 after the fall of the empire.
They ruled the central plains along the coastal and central Karnataka and northern Kerala, Malabar and Tungabhadra rivers. They were a critical administration ever of. In 1763, they were crushed by Hyder Ali and ingested in the kingdom of Mysore.
Wodeyars of Mysore (AD 1399 AD-1681 AD)
The Mysore Kingdom was initially a Vassal kingdom of the Vijayanagar empire. With the fall of the Vijayanagara empire, the state achieved independence. He shifted his capital from Mysore to Sringangpatna.
By the year 1686, almost all South Indians were involved in the reign of the state. In 1687, Valders bought the city of Mughal with a payment of three lakh rupees. By 1761, Haider Ali had left behind the Wodeyar empire.
Sringatan of Srirangpatn (1761 AD-1799 AD)
Haider Ali ruled from the Singing Pattan on the Mysore kingdom. His son Tipu Sultan came to power behind him. Sringerat of Srirangpatnan is spread in most parts of Karnataka, parts of Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, and Kerala.
During the second half of the 18th century, the Mysore Kingdom reached the height of military power and dominance under the real ruler, Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan.
Tipu Sultan repeatedly left the attack with the British. In the end, he was defeated due to joint efforts of the British, Maratha and Hyderabad Nizamas and died on the battlefield in 1799 AD. Due to his bravery on the battlefield, Tipu Sultan is known as the tiger of Mysore.
Mysore Vaudires (1800 AD – 1831 AD)
After the death of Tipu Sultan, the British part of the main parts of the Mysore kingdom was added and Mysore was converted to the principality. Wodeyars were reinstated as rulers of the princely state and ruled till 1831 AD, after which the British once again occupied the empire.
British occupation (1831 AD-1881 AD)
After the British took control of the kingdom of Mysore in 1831, they appointed the commissioners to rule from their side. He made many changes in the functioning of the empire. He divided the state between Bombay and Madras provinces, Hyderabad Nizamas and Mysore.
Mysore voters(1881 AD – 1950 AD)
In 1881, Mysore was once again handed over to Wodeyars under the rule of Jayachamaraja Wodeyar. By that time, crying for freedom from the British rule had gained tremendous speed across the country.
Wodeyars’ rule continued till the independence of India in 1947. After independence, Mysore merged with the Indian Union. Thus, Mysore became an independent state in 1950.
Under Wodeyars, Mysore ended up one of the cutting edge and urbanized regions of India. The leaders of the Wodeyar tradition energized expressive arts, design, music, and craftsmanship.
Consolidation of Karnataka – 1956 AD
After India’s independence, states were reorganized on the basis of linguistic and other criteria. The Kannada-speaking population came here today to make Karnataka the name of Mysore.
By the year 1975, the former Maharaja of Mysore had ruled as its governor. The name of the state of Mysore was changed to Karnataka in 1973.